Sustainable development deficit in Europe: modelling, ranking, and classification of countries

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Pavol Otepka
V Grynenko


The paper focuses on evaluation of progress of European and neighbouring countries in sustainable development using the system of environmental, social and economic indicators. The task of the research is to identify the problem (deficit) points of countries from the sustainable development point of view. The system of indices which characterize deficit in different sustainable development dimensions has been evaluated. The ranking of European and some neighbouring countries on sustainability problems level has been developed. The counties under consideration have been classified on significance and nature of their sustainable development problems. It is shown that the level of sustainable development is not related with the level of economic development, some of the most economically developed European countries have deep sustainability problems and, in contrast, it is possible to reach good progress toward sustainable development despite economic difficulties.


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Otepka, P., & Grynenko, V. (2018). Sustainable development deficit in Europe: modelling, ranking, and classification of countries. Ecocycles, 4(1), 1-9.


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